New Delhi: Amid pandemonium and a television blackout of the proceedings, the Lok Sabha passed a bill that seeks to carve out a Telangana state out of Andhra Pradesh.
The critics, including Congress minister D. Purandeswari and CPI-M members, massed near Speaker Meira Kumar, some shouting slogans and others holding placards against Andhra Pradesh's bifurcation.
But they and others opposed to the division of Andhra Pradesh were simply ignored as amendments to the bills were taken up and then the bill was finally declared passed by the lower house.
Congress president Sonia Gandhi watched the proceedings with visible dismay. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh was not present.
So high were the tempers in the house that a group of Congress members from Andhra Pradesh stood near Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde as he read out the bill in a bid to protect him from anti-Telangana MPs.
A fuming Y.S. Jaganmohan Reddy, leader of the YSR Congress which is bitterly against the creation of Telangana, dubbed it "a black day" for the country and called a general strike in Andhra Pradesh.
"The bill was passed in parliament against the will of the (Andhra) assembly, against the will of the people of Andhra Prdesh," Reddy told the media.
"Today we saw how undemocratically the bill has been passed... The way the proceedings took place, the way the ayes and noes were called by the speaker very clearly showed how democracy can be killed in broad daylight."It is a black day in the history of the country. We are declaring a bandh in Andhra Pradesh tomorrow."
The Andhra MPs were not the only ones to express disgust.
As it became clear that the Congress was determined to push through what is popularly known as the Telangana bill, Samajwadi Party's leader Mulayam Singh Yadav said "this is not the way for democracy to function".
TDP's Rajya Sabha member Y.S. Chowdhary denounced Speaker Meira Kumar.
"This is daylight murder of democracy. The entire nation should know what the Congress is doing... Half the house is (near the speaker's podium) ... They could have suspended the whole house instead of 16 MPs."
Trinamool Congress' Dinesh Trivedi said the spirit of democracy "has been totally killed".
"I could not be a witness to this murder of democracy. So I protested and walked out," he said.
External Affairs Minister Salman Khurshid tried to placate the Telangana critics.
"It is a historic decision. Now everyone must come together," he said.
In Andhra Pradesh, the developments in the Lok Sabha further sharpened differences between those in Telangana and in the rest of the state known as Seemandhra region.
Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) supporters celebrated in Hyderabad and elsewhere in the region. It was gloom in Seemandhra as political activists expressed their disgust and anger.