WASHINGTON: India's main security concern now is an assertive China, which does not acknowledge its status as a global player, and not the increasingly decrepit state of Pakistan, according to an American think-tank.
The report by the US Army College's Strategic Studies Institute says India's ties with China are gradually becoming competitive, with a sentiment gaining ground among Indian policy elites that China is not sensitive to its core security interests and does not acknowledge its status as a global player.
"India is rather belatedly gearing up to respond to China's rise with a mix of internal consolidation and external partnerships. The most important element in this matrix is India's emerging strategic partnership with the United States," said the report authored by Harsha V Pant, Professor of International Relations at the King's College London.
India "has looked to Washington for support as both Sino- Indian and Sino-US competition has come into sharper relief in recent years. As Sino-Indian ties pass through a phase of turmoil, Washington will have to play the critical role of a balancer with even greater finesse than before," it said.