United States: Amid concerns of a slowdown in economy and high unemployment in large developing nations, India has called on the G-77 group of countries to adopt growth promoting policies to boost demand and create jobs.
"After the 2008 economic meltdown, it was said that large developing countries would replace the traditional economic engines. This has not happened. Growth in large developing countries is also slowing down," Additional Secretary Navtej Sarna said yesterday at the G-77 Foreign Ministers' meeting on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly session.
He said unemployment, food and energy concerns remain high and have further undermined the limited coping capacity of developing countries to shocks and vulnerabilities.
"It is, therefore, of utmost importance that we collectively undertake growth promoting policies to boost demand and create jobs. With over a billion people in extreme poverty and hunger in developing countries, we cannot afford but to make inclusive growth our priority," he said.
The Group of 77 at the United Nations is a loose coalition of developing nations, designed to promote its members' collective economic interests and create an enhanced joint negotiating capacity in the United Nations.
Sarna noted that globalization has made economic challenges even more complex for the nations who are affected by decisions that they are not part of.
"In this scenario, there is a compelling reason to call for reform of global governance. We must continue to press for a development oriented outcome of the Doha Round," he said.
He added that the G-77 must take the lead in implementation of the Rio agenda and in setting the stage for the Post 2015 development agenda, with poverty eradication and meeting the Millennium Development Goals being key priority areas.
"We must ensure that arguments on changing development landscape and limitations of the economic crisis are not used to dilute agreed principles and commitments.
South-South Cooperation cannot be subjected to the tenets of North-South Cooperation. Neither can it be a substitute for it," he added.
Sarna said India remains aware of the existential threat that climate change poses to the Small Island Developing States (SIDS).
India would be hosting the Conference of the Parties (COP) 11 of the Convention on Biological Diversity next month. With developing countries home to 80 percent of the world's biodiversity, the collective interest for an ambitious outcome is self evident.
He said the G-77 has been the pillar of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change negotiations and the group must remain united in its pursuit of an outcome that is comprehensive, equitable and balanced based on the principles of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities.
"We must work for a second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol as the key deliverable from the Doha COP. We must also push for an early implementation of the Cancun Agreements including the Green Fund, the Technology Mechanism and the Adaptation Committee so as to ensure credible action on all the four pillars of the UNFCCC process –-mitigation, adaptation, finance and technology," he said.
Noting that G77 must give priority to those who are most vulnerable, Sarna said India stands committed to meeting the development needs of its fellow developing countries.