Bangalore: India is currently on the list of U.S. labor department for ‘Items made using child labor’, as report by International Labor organization (ILO). The items which employ child labor most are garment and textile industries, where children are used for Zari embroidery or embellishments, which makes two of the 21 items on the U.S. Department list. However the manufactures of these items do not concur and have petitioned to be removed from the list, which has been refused for now, as reported by Sidhartha for TOI
As per the ILO “Presently, throughout the world, around 215 million children work, many full-time. They do not go to school and have little or no time to play. Many do not receive proper nutrition or care. They are denied the chance to be children. More than half of them are exposed to the worst forms of child labour such as work in hazardous environments, slavery, or other forms of forced labour, illicit activities including drug trafficking and prostitution, as well as involvement in armed conflict”.
The facts are overwhelming, yet if India is a part of such malice, appropriate measures needs to taken to wash the blame, and be the support in abolishing such heinous act.
The other items mentioned where child labour is enforced are bricks, carpets, hybrid cottonseed, brassware, locks, fireworks, yarn and fabric, incense sticks, rice and stones. However the percentage of children employed in the productions of these items isn’t mentioned, the report only shows the items for which they are made to work.
The report also shows that this concern is seen in greater number in the south Asian countries as compared worldwide, it accounts for 55 percent of forced labour globally. As per the 2010 annual listings by the US labour department, an estimate of 57,000 children, between the ages of 5 to 17 are made to work in carpet industries mostly in India, Nepal and Pakistan.The listing has not put a control lid on the export of these items, but it is a splatter on the integrity of the countries which appears on the list.
In the world, child labour is mostly used in the production of sugarcane, coffee and cotton. The annual list of goods released by the U.S. labour department, for the products manufactured in foreign countries, from last four years considers it a barrier for non-trade in exports, now the list covers 134 items under this obligation. As per the Child Line India organization “Child labour is highest among lower classes, Muslims, and OBC children. The persistence of child labour is due to the inefficiency of the law, administrative system and because it benefits employers who can reduce general wage levels. Poverty and lack of social security are the main causes of child labour. The increasing gap between the rich and the poor, privatization of basic services and the neo-liberal economic policies are causes major sections of the population out of employment and without basic needs. This adversely affects children more than any other group”
It is considered by the U.N. department that the countries on the list are openly approving to the condition of child labour or forced labour at current stance.